Project Instruments
- The
**Classroom Assessment Scoring System** for secondary settings **(CLASS-S)** was developed by researchers at the University of Virginia. CLASS-S uses direct observation of classrooms and measures four domains of classroom instruction: emotional support, classroom organization, instructional support, and student outcomes. CLASS-S is designed to be used in all secondary classrooms, regardless of the subject matter taught.

- Charlotte Danielson's Framework for Teaching (FFT) is also an observation method designed to be applied across disciplines.
For UTQ, we focus on two domains of the FFT: classroom environment and instruction.

- The Learning Mathematics for Teaching Project's
**Mathematical Quality of Instruction (MQI)** is a subject-specific observation protocol designed to measure the quality of mathematics instruction in classrooms, irrespective of how reform-minded or traditional that instruction might be. MQI will be administered only in mathematics classrooms.

- Stanford University's
**Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO)** is another subject-specific observation protocol designed to look at the quality of language arts instruction, also independent of particular pedagogical approaches. PLATO will be administered only in language arts classrooms.

- The
**Intellectual Demand Assignment Protocol (IDAP)**, developed by the Consortium for Chicago Schools Research measures
the intellectual demand of the daily assignments that teachers give students and the student work produced from those assignments.
IDAP requires that we collect teacher assignments and student work in classrooms and will be used in both mathematics and language arts classrooms.

- Tests of teacher knowledge. We will ask mathematics teachers to complete the Learning Mathematics for Teaching Project's
Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching (MKT) instrument. This web-based, multiple choice instrument has been developed on the
basis of a strong theory of what teachers need to know about the content and teaching of mathematics in middle school.
We will ask English Language Arts teachers to complete a web-based test of knowledge developed from Praxis items.